-aemia Also -haemia. In US -emia and -hemia.
A substance present in the blood, especially in excess.
[Modern Latin, from Greek -aimia, from haima, blood.]
A substantial number of such terms exist, mostly from medicine, though a few relate to veterinary ailments. Forms in -haemia appear after a stem that ends in p, t, or k, but are rare. Most words in -aemia can have associated adjectives in -aemic that describe the condition or a person exhibiting it (anaemic, leukaemic).
Examples of words in -aemia
Word origins are from Greek unless otherwise stated.
|anaemia||a deficiency of red blood cells or haemoglobin in the blood||a-, without|
|bacteraemia||the presence of bacteria in the blood||English bacterium|
|enterotoxaemia||mostly in veterinary medicine, blood poisoning caused by an enterotoxin||English enterotoxin|
|glycaemia||the presence of glucose in the blood||glukus, sweet|
|hyperglycaemia||an excess of glucose in the bloodstream, often associated with diabetes mellitus||huper, over or beyond, plus glycaemia|
|hypoglycaemia||deficiency of glucose in the bloodstream||hupo, under, plus glycaemia|
|ischaemia||an inadequate blood supply to an organ or part of the body, especially the heart muscles||iskhein, keep back|
|leukaemia||a malignant progressive disease in which the bone marrow and other blood-forming organs produce increased numbers of immature or abnormal leucocytes||leukos, white|
|septicaemia||blood poisoning, especially that caused by bacteria or their toxins||sēptikos, septic|
|toxaemia||blood poisoning by toxins from a local bacterial infection||toxikon, poison|
|uraemia||a raised level in the blood of urea and other nitrogenous waste compounds||ouron, urine|
|viraemia||the presence of viruses in the blood||English virus|