Go to 'thermo-' entry Go to 'dino-' entry Go to 'chondro-' entry Go to 'aero-' entry Go to '-logy' entry Go to 'thaumato-' entry Go to 'nano-' entry Go to '-sophy' entry Go to 'bucco-' entry Go to '-ism' entry Go to '-lysis' entry Go to 'galacto-' entry Go to '-anthropy' entry Go to 'pneumo-' entry Go to '-ploitation' entry Go to '-lithic' entry Go to '-sepalous' entry Go to 'onco-' entry Go to '-parous' entry Go to 'dermato-' entry Go to 'multi-' entry Go to 'dodeca-' entry Go to '-zoon' entry Go to 'vermi-' entry Go to 'crystallo-' entry Go to 'biblio-' entry Go to 'eco-' entry Go to 'juxta-' entry Go to 'facio-' entry
Affixes: the building blocks of English
Affixes: the building blocks of English

-ane1

Saturated straight-chain (aliphatic) hydrocarbons.

[An invented ending, on the model of Greek noun suffixes.]

Early members of the hydrocarbon series are identified using existing common names for related compounds: methane, ethane, and butane; later members are named using number prefixes, based on how many carbon atoms there are in the molecule: pentane, hexane, octane. The general term for a member of the series, of formula CnH2n+2, is alkane (from German Alkohol, alcohol). These forms occur widely in chemical names of compounds: polyurethane, isobutane, 2-methylpentane. For the related adjectival ending, see -yl.

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