Go to 'thermo-' entry Go to 'dino-' entry Go to 'chondro-' entry Go to 'aero-' entry Go to '-logy' entry Go to 'thaumato-' entry Go to 'nano-' entry Go to '-sophy' entry Go to 'bucco-' entry Go to '-ism' entry Go to '-lysis' entry Go to 'galacto-' entry Go to '-anthropy' entry Go to 'pneumo-' entry Go to '-ploitation' entry Go to '-lithic' entry Go to '-sepalous' entry Go to 'onco-' entry Go to '-parous' entry Go to 'dermato-' entry Go to 'multi-' entry Go to 'dodeca-' entry Go to '-zoon' entry Go to 'vermi-' entry Go to 'crystallo-' entry Go to 'biblio-' entry Go to 'eco-' entry Go to 'juxta-' entry Go to 'facio-' entry
Affixes: the building blocks of English
Affixes: the building blocks of English

benz(o)-

Benzene.

[The first part of English benzoic plus -o-, from gum benzoin, based on Arabic lubānjāwī, incense of Java.]

This indicates compounds that contain a six-membered ring of carbon atoms, a derivative of benzene. Examples include benzaldehyde, a colourless liquid aldehyde smelling of bitter almonds, used to make dyes and perfumes; benzodiazepine, a member of a group of tranquillizers, such as Librium or Valium; benzopyrene, the major carcinogen present in cigarette smoke; and benzoquinone, a yellow crystalline compound.

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