Go to 'thermo-' entry Go to 'dino-' entry Go to 'chondro-' entry Go to 'aero-' entry Go to '-logy' entry Go to 'thaumato-' entry Go to 'nano-' entry Go to '-sophy' entry Go to 'bucco-' entry Go to '-ism' entry Go to '-lysis' entry Go to 'galacto-' entry Go to '-anthropy' entry Go to 'pneumo-' entry Go to '-ploitation' entry Go to '-lithic' entry Go to '-sepalous' entry Go to 'onco-' entry Go to '-parous' entry Go to 'dermato-' entry Go to 'multi-' entry Go to 'dodeca-' entry Go to '-zoon' entry Go to 'vermi-' entry Go to 'crystallo-' entry Go to 'biblio-' entry Go to 'eco-' entry Go to 'juxta-' entry Go to 'facio-' entry
Affixes: the building blocks of English
Affixes: the building blocks of English

-cyte Also -cytosis.

A cell.

[Greek kutos, vessel]

This ending usually indicates a mature cell, as opposed to an immature or embryonic cell, whose name ends in -blast. For examples, Nouns ending in -cytosis refer to an action or condition relating to a cell: phagocytosis (Greek phagein, to eat), the ingestion of bacteria or other material by phagocytes and amoeboid protozoans; endocytosis (Greek endon, within), the taking in of matter by a living cell by turning its cell membrane inside out to form a vacuole.

Examples of words in -cyte

adipocyte a cell that stores fat Latin adeps, fat
astrocyte a star-shaped cell of the nervous system Greek astron, star
erythrocyte a red blood cell Greek eruthros, red
granulocyte a circulating white blood cell having prominent granules Latin granulum, a little grain
hepatocyte a liver cell Greek hēpar, liver
keratinocyte a cell in the skin that produces keratin Greek keras, horn
leucocyte a white blood cell Greek leukos, white
lymphocyte a small white blood cells found in the lymph Latin lympha, water
melanocyte a cell in the skin producing dark pigment, as in hair colour or tanning Greek melas, black
oocyte a cell in an ovary which may divide to become an ovum Greek ōion, egg
phagocyte a cell that absorbs bacteria and other small particles Greek phagein, to eat
spermatocyte a cell formed during the creation of spermatozoa Greek sperma, seed
thrombocyte a blood cell fragment involved in clotting, a platelet Greek thrombos, blood clot

Visit Michael Quinion’s World Wide Words site for 2000+ articles on English!

Copyright © Michael Quinion 2008–. All rights reserved. Page last updated 23 September 2008.
Your comments and suggestions on the site are very welcome.