Go to 'thermo-' entry Go to 'dino-' entry Go to 'chondro-' entry Go to 'aero-' entry Go to '-logy' entry Go to 'thaumato-' entry Go to 'nano-' entry Go to '-sophy' entry Go to 'bucco-' entry Go to '-ism' entry Go to '-lysis' entry Go to 'galacto-' entry Go to '-anthropy' entry Go to 'pneumo-' entry Go to '-ploitation' entry Go to '-lithic' entry Go to '-sepalous' entry Go to 'onco-' entry Go to '-parous' entry Go to 'dermato-' entry Go to 'multi-' entry Go to 'dodeca-' entry Go to '-zoon' entry Go to 'vermi-' entry Go to 'crystallo-' entry Go to 'biblio-' entry Go to 'eco-' entry Go to 'juxta-' entry Go to 'facio-' entry
Affixes: the building blocks of English
Affixes: the building blocks of English

-fold

A number of parts or facets; multiplied by such a number; relating to folding or to a folded object.

[Old English -fald, -feald, related to fold.]

This suffix forms adjectives and adverbs from the cardinal or counting numbers, so twofold, eightfold, hundredfold, thousandfold and many others. Related words are bifold, double or twofold; and manifold, many and various, or a thing with many different parts or forms (manyfold is a more recent equivalent with the sense of something increased many times).

The suffix also has the sense of folding: a gatefold is an oversized page in a book, folded inside but designed to be opened out to be looked at; in the US a billfold is a wallet designed to hold folded dollar bills. Other examples are linenfold, an ornamental motif resembling folded linen that is carved on panelling; and fanfold, continuous stationary folded concertina-fashion.

Blindfold does not belong here, as it is a modified form, on the model of words in -fold, of the Old English blindfeld, to cover the eyes or make blind; scaffold is another with a different origin—the unrelated Anglo-Norman French (e)schaffaut.

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