Go to 'thermo-' entry Go to 'dino-' entry Go to 'chondro-' entry Go to 'aero-' entry Go to '-logy' entry Go to 'thaumato-' entry Go to 'nano-' entry Go to '-sophy' entry Go to 'bucco-' entry Go to '-ism' entry Go to '-lysis' entry Go to 'galacto-' entry Go to '-anthropy' entry Go to 'pneumo-' entry Go to '-ploitation' entry Go to '-lithic' entry Go to '-sepalous' entry Go to 'onco-' entry Go to '-parous' entry Go to 'dermato-' entry Go to 'multi-' entry Go to 'dodeca-' entry Go to '-zoon' entry Go to 'vermi-' entry Go to 'crystallo-' entry Go to 'biblio-' entry Go to 'eco-' entry Go to 'juxta-' entry Go to 'facio-' entry
Affixes: the building blocks of English
Affixes: the building blocks of English

-graphy Also -graph, -graphic, -graphical, and -grapher.

Writing; the production of images; descriptive sciences or studies.

[Greek graphein, to write.]

The set of words in -graphy is extremely varied. Terms relate to writing, to the transmission of messages or information over a distance, the production of images of various kinds, a descriptive science or study, or a list. For examples, see the list below.

It is common for these terms to have linked words ending in -graph, often for the result of the process (as photography produces a photograph), but sometimes for an instrument involved in a process (seismograph, telegraph); the names of records produced in such cases often end in -gram.

Adjectives may be formed from words in -graphy or -graph either in -graphic (choreographic, topographic) or -graphical (geographical, stratigraphical). In many cases both forms exist. The name of a person engaged in the activity or discipline ends in -grapher (lexicographer, stenographer). See also grapho-, -al1, and -y3.

Examples of words in -graphy

All word origins are from Greek unless otherwise stated.

Relating directly to writing or the transmission of messages:

biographyan account of a person's lifebios, life
cryptographythe art of preparing or reading codes or cipherskruptos, hidden
lexicographythe practice of compiling dictionarieslexis, word
orthographyspelling, especially correct spellingorthos, straight
stenographywriting and transcribing shorthandstenos, narrow
telegraphythe science of transmitting information over a distancetēle-, far off

The production of images, graphs, or diagrams:

cartographythe science of drawing mapskhartēs, papyrus leaf
cinematographythe art of making motion picturesFrench cinématographic, from Greek kinēma, movement, from kinein, to move
photographythe taking of photographsphōs, light
pornographywriting and images designed to stimulate sexual excitementpornographos, writing about prostitutes
radiographythe production of images by X-rays, gamma rays, etc.Latin radius, a ray
tomographya technique for producing a cross-section of the human body X-rays or ultrasoundtomos, slice or section
xerographya dry copying processxēros, dry

A descriptive science or study:

choreographythe art of designing steps in ballet or another staged dance, or the written steps for such movementskhoros, chorus
cosmographythe science of the universekosmos, order, world
demographythe study of statistics charting the changing structure of human populationsdēmos, the people
ethnographythe study of different peoplesethnos nation
geographythe science of the physical features of the earth and their relation to human populations, earth
oceanographythe science of the seafrom ocean
petrographythe study of rockspetros, stone

A descriptive list of titles, authors or performers:

bibliographybooksbiblion, book
discographymusical recordingsEnglish disc, in the sense of a gramophone record
filmographyfilmsEnglish film
webliographya listing of pages on the World Wide WebEnglish web

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