Go to 'thermo-' entry Go to 'dino-' entry Go to 'chondro-' entry Go to 'aero-' entry Go to '-logy' entry Go to 'thaumato-' entry Go to 'nano-' entry Go to '-sophy' entry Go to 'bucco-' entry Go to '-ism' entry Go to '-lysis' entry Go to 'galacto-' entry Go to '-anthropy' entry Go to 'pneumo-' entry Go to '-ploitation' entry Go to '-lithic' entry Go to '-sepalous' entry Go to 'onco-' entry Go to '-parous' entry Go to 'dermato-' entry Go to 'multi-' entry Go to 'dodeca-' entry Go to '-zoon' entry Go to 'vermi-' entry Go to 'crystallo-' entry Go to 'biblio-' entry Go to 'eco-' entry Go to 'juxta-' entry Go to 'facio-' entry
Affixes: the building blocks of English
Affixes: the building blocks of English

gloss(o)- Also glott(o)-.

The tongue; speech or language.

[Greek glōssa or glōtta, tongue.]

Some examples are medical terms, such as glossitis, inflammation of the tongue, and glossodynia (Greek odunē, pain), pain in it. The adjective glossopharyngeal refers to a nerve that controls both the tongue and pharynx. The glottis is the part of the larynx that contains the vocal cords.

A second group refers to a function of the tongue, the power of speech or language, for example glossolalia, the ability apparently to speak in unknown languages; glottochronology, the use of statistical techniques to date when languages diverged from their common sources; a glossary is an alphabetical list with brief explanations of terms used in a special field.

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