Go to 'thermo-' entry Go to 'dino-' entry Go to 'chondro-' entry Go to 'aero-' entry Go to '-logy' entry Go to 'thaumato-' entry Go to 'nano-' entry Go to '-sophy' entry Go to 'bucco-' entry Go to '-ism' entry Go to '-lysis' entry Go to 'galacto-' entry Go to '-anthropy' entry Go to 'pneumo-' entry Go to '-ploitation' entry Go to '-lithic' entry Go to '-sepalous' entry Go to 'onco-' entry Go to '-parous' entry Go to 'dermato-' entry Go to 'multi-' entry Go to 'dodeca-' entry Go to '-zoon' entry Go to 'vermi-' entry Go to 'crystallo-' entry Go to 'biblio-' entry Go to 'eco-' entry Go to 'juxta-' entry Go to 'facio-' entry
Affixes: the building blocks of English
Affixes: the building blocks of English

-ile Also -il and -ility

Forming adjectives and some nouns.

[Via French from Latin -ilis.]

Most words in -ile from this source are adjectives: agile, docile, ductile, fertile, fragile, juvenile, mobile, versatile, volatile. Several in statistics derive from Latin ordinal numerals, as in decile, each of ten equal groups into which a population can be divided; others are quartile, quintile, and percentile. A few nouns in -ile come from Latin words in -ilis: reptile (Latin reptilis, from repere, crawl), textile (Latin textilis, from texere, to weave). Others (like exile, facsimile, and imbecile) come from different Latin sources.

A few nouns in -il also derive from Latin -ilis (fossil, Latin fossilis, dug up; utensil, Latin utensilis, usable). However, most nouns in this ending derive from a variety of other sources, some from Old English (nostril), others from various French and Latin sources (fibril, lentil). The only common adjective in -il derived from a Latin word in -ilis is civil.

Abstract nouns are formed from adjectives in either -ile or -il by adding -ity: agility, civility, mobility, volatility.

See also -phile.

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