Go to 'thermo-' entry Go to 'dino-' entry Go to 'chondro-' entry Go to 'aero-' entry Go to '-logy' entry Go to 'thaumato-' entry Go to 'nano-' entry Go to '-sophy' entry Go to 'bucco-' entry Go to '-ism' entry Go to '-lysis' entry Go to 'galacto-' entry Go to '-anthropy' entry Go to 'pneumo-' entry Go to '-ploitation' entry Go to '-lithic' entry Go to '-sepalous' entry Go to 'onco-' entry Go to '-parous' entry Go to 'dermato-' entry Go to 'multi-' entry Go to 'dodeca-' entry Go to '-zoon' entry Go to 'vermi-' entry Go to 'crystallo-' entry Go to 'biblio-' entry Go to 'eco-' entry Go to 'juxta-' entry Go to 'facio-' entry
Affixes: the building blocks of English
Affixes: the building blocks of English

-ly Also -ily.

Forming adjectives and adverbs.

[Old English adjectival ending -lic or adverbial ending -līce, of Germanic origin.]

One set of adjectives indicate a quality of some kind. They usually derive from nouns, though some are based on other adjectives: beastly, cleanly, cowardly, deadly, evenly, gladly, heavenly, neighbourly, rascally, scholarly, weakly. Many can also be adverbs, though some, such as miserly and unruly, are restricted to adjectival use. A second set indicate something recurring at an interval: hourly, daily, weekly, monthly, quarterly, yearly; these can all act as adverbs.

The -ly ending most characteristically marks adverbs, and is the usual way of forming them from adjectives. A very large number exist, of which a few examples are apparently, commonly, electrically, essentially, foolishly, freely, greatly, immediately, occasionally, surprisingly, thankfully, and wrongly.

Adverbs formed from adjectives that end in y preceded by a consonant replace the y by a i to make the ending -ily: busily, drowsily, floppily, hastily, lazily, primarily, wittily.

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