-mania Also -maniac and -mane.
Mental abnormality or obsession; extreme enthusiasm or admiration.
[Greek mania, madness.]
The ending is common in psychiatry to name various kinds of mental problems (megalomania, nymphomania) as is mania itself as a general term. For more details and examples, see the list below.
It is also used more loosely for an enthusiasm such that those showing it seem almost unbalanced; examples here include Beatlemania, balletomania, and Anglomania (excessive admiration of English customs). In this sense, the ending is frequently used in journalism to create words for short-term purposes, as in Euro-mania, enthusiasm for European integration regarded as excessive, or lotterymania, an extreme desire to take part in lotteries.
Someone exhibiting such characteristics, in either sense, can be described by a word ending in -maniac (dipsomaniac, megalomaniac, nymphomaniac), or, more rarely, by one ending in -mane, of which the only common example is balletomane.
Examples that seem to contain the ending through accidents of spelling include leishmania, a single-celled parasitic protozoan (from the proper name Leishman), and some names of countries: Romania, Tasmania.
Examples of words in -mania
Word origins are from Greek unless otherwise stated.
|Beatlemania||frenzied enthusiasm for the 1960s pop group the Beatlesbibliomania, passionate enthusiasm for collecting and possessing books||biblion, book|
|egomania||obsessive egotism or self-centredness||Latin ego, I|
|erotomania||excessive sexual desire||erōs, erōt-, sexual love|
|hypomania||a mild form of mania, marked by elation and hyperactivity||hupo, under|
|kleptomania||a recurrent urge to steal||kleptēs, thief|
|megalomania||obsession with the exercise of power, especially in the domination of others||megas, megal-, great|
|metromania||a mania for writing poetry||metron, metre|
|monomania||exaggerated or obsessive enthusiasm for or preoccupation with one thing||monos, alone|
|nymphomania||uncontrollable or excessive sexual desire in a woman||Latin nympha, nymph|
|pyromania||an obsessive desire to set fire to things||pur, fire|
|trichotillomania||a compulsive desire to pull out one's hair||thrix, trikho-, hair, plus tillesthai, to pull out|
|tulipomania||a craze for tulips, especially that in Holland in the seventeenth century||English tulip|