Go to 'thermo-' entry Go to 'dino-' entry Go to 'chondro-' entry Go to 'aero-' entry Go to '-logy' entry Go to 'thaumato-' entry Go to 'nano-' entry Go to '-sophy' entry Go to 'bucco-' entry Go to '-ism' entry Go to '-lysis' entry Go to 'galacto-' entry Go to '-anthropy' entry Go to 'pneumo-' entry Go to '-ploitation' entry Go to '-lithic' entry Go to '-sepalous' entry Go to 'onco-' entry Go to '-parous' entry Go to 'dermato-' entry Go to 'multi-' entry Go to 'dodeca-' entry Go to '-zoon' entry Go to 'vermi-' entry Go to 'crystallo-' entry Go to 'biblio-' entry Go to 'eco-' entry Go to 'juxta-' entry Go to 'facio-' entry
Affixes: the building blocks of English
Affixes: the building blocks of English

-ptera Also -pteran and -pterous.

Winged animals.

[Greek pteron, wing.]

This ending forms systematic names for groups of animals with wings, mainly the insects but also the bats, of which some examples are in the list below. Forms in -pteran are either adjectives relating to the group or names for members of it (coleopteran, dipteran); other adjectives are formed in -pterous (heteropterous, orthopterous).

Examples of words in -ptera
All word origins are from Greek.

Chiroptera the bats kheir, hand
Coleoptera the beetles koleos, sheath
Diptera the two-winged or true flies di-, two
Ephemeroptera the mayflies ephēmeros, lasting only a day
Hemiptera the true bugs, including aphids, cicadas, and leafhoppers hemi-, half, because of their forewing structure
Heteroptera a group of true bugs comprising those in which the forewings are non-uniform heteros, other
Homoptera a group of true bugs comprising those in which the forewings are uniform in texture, such as aphids, whitefly, scale insects, and cicadas homos, same
Hymenoptera a large order of insects that includes the bees, wasps, ants, and sawflies, with four transparent wings humēn, membrane
Isoptera the termites isos, equal, because members have four large equal wings
Lepidoptera the butterflies and moths, which have wings covered in scales lepis, lepid-, scale
Neuroptera the lacewings, alderflies, snake flies, and ant lions, which have four finely veined membranous wings neuron, veined
Orthoptera the grasshoppers, crickets, and their relatives, which have straight and narrow forewings orthos, straight

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