-scope Also -scopic and -scopy.
An instrument for observing, viewing, or examining something.
[Greek skopein, look at.]
This ending appears in the names of a wide variety of instruments in engineering, medicine, the sciences, and other fields, most containing the linking vowel -o- before the ending. All can have associated adjectives in -scopic, as in spectroscopic or gyroscopic. Many have a linked noun in -scopy that describes an observation or examination made using the instrument: laryngoscopy, endoscopy (among those in which that form is rare are kaleidoscope and periscope, in which names do not represent a scientific instrument). In horoscope, the ending has a figurative sense.
Examples of words in -scope
Word origins are from Greek unless otherwise stated.
|endoscope||an instrument which can be introduced into the body to give a view of its internal parts||endon, within|
|gyroscope||a device consisting of a fast-spinning wheel on supports, often used as a compass or to give stability||guros, a ring|
|horoscope||a forecast of a person's future based on the positions of the stars and planets at the time of his or her birth||hōra, time|
|kaleidoscope||a toy consisting of a tube containing mirrors and pieces of coloured glass or paper||kalos, beautiful, plus eidos, form|
|laparoscope||a fibre optic instrument which is inserted through the abdominal wall to view the organs in the abdomen or permit small-scale surgery||lapara, flank|
|microscope||an optical instrument used for viewing very small objects||mikros, small|
|ophthalmoscope||an instrument for inspecting the retina and other parts of the eye||ophthalmos, eye|
|oscilloscope||a device for viewing oscillations by a display on the screen of a cathode ray tube||English oscillation|
|otoscope||an instrument designed for visual examination of the eardrum and the passage of the outer ear||ous, ōt-, ear|
|periscope||a device, as in a submarine, which uses mirrors to observe a scene otherwise out of sight Greek peri, about, around)spectroscope, an apparatus for producing and recording spectra for examination||English spectrum|
|stethoscope||a medical instrument for listening to the action of someone's heart or breathing||stēthos, breast|
|stroboscope||an instrument for apparently stopping movement by shining a bright light at intervals||strobos, whirling|
|telescope||an optical instrument designed to make distant objects appear nearer||tēle-, far off|