-some3 Also -somal.
A part of a body, especially a cell.
[Greek sōma, body.]
Examples include chromosome, liposome, and ribosome. For details and more examples, Related adjectives are usually formed in -somal: chromosomal, ribosomal.
Examples of words in -some3
All word origins are from Greek unless otherwise stated.
|autosome||any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome||autos, self|
|centrosome||an organelle near the nucleus of a cell which contains the centrioles||English centre|
|chromosome||thread-like structures in the nucleus of cells that carry genetic information||khrōma, colour, because the threads can be stained with dyes for easier viewing under a microscope|
|liposome||a minute spherical sac of fat molecules enclosing a water droplet, especially one formed artificially to carry drugs or other substances into the tissues||lipos, fat|
|lysosome||a structure in some cells containing enzymes enclosed in a membrane that degrades waste material||lusis, loosening|
|nucleosome||a structural unit of a chromosome in a cell nucleus||English nucleus|
|phagosome||a structure in the cytoplasm of a cell that has enclosed an invading cell or particle prior to destruction by lysosomes||phago-, eating|
|ribosome||a minute particle consisting of RNA and associated proteins found in large numbers in the cytoplasm of living cells||English ribose|
|schistosome||a parasitic flatworm which needs two hosts to complete its life cycle||skhistos, divided|
|trypanosome||a single-celled parasitic protozoan with a trailing flagellum, infesting the blood||trupanon, borer|