[Greek sōma, sōmat-, body.]
The Greek word soma is used in English to refer to the parts of an organism other than the reproductive or germ cells, or to the body as opposed to the mind; the adjective in both senses is somatic (as in psychosomatic, of an illness caused or aggravated by a mental factor such as internal conflict or stress). Somatoform disorders are those in which there is a history of physical complaints without any physical basis; in psychiatry, somatization refers to the production of recurrent and multiple medical symptoms with no discernible organic cause; a somatosensory sensation such as touch can occur anywhere in the body, in contrast to one localized at a sense organ, like sight. A somatotype is a category to which people are assigned according to their body type. See also -some3.