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The colon.

Greek kolon, the large intestine.

Colitis is inflammation of the colon; colotomy (Greek ‑tomia, cutting) is an incision into it; colectomy (Greek ektomē, excision) is the removal of all or part of it; and colostomy (Greek stoma, mouth) is a surgical procedure whereby the colon is cut and diverted to the abdominal wall. Colorectal refers to the colon and rectum as one unit.

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