Also ‑graph, ‑graphic, ‑graphical, and ‑grapher.
Writing; the production of images; descriptive sciences or studies.
Greek graphein, to write.
The set of words in ‑graphy is extremely varied. Terms relate to writing, to the transmission of messages or information over a distance, the production of images of various kinds, a descriptive science or study, or a list. For examples, see the list below.
It is common for these terms to have linked words ending in ‑graph, often for the result of the process (as photography produces a photograph), but sometimes for an instrument involved in a process (seismograph, telegraph); the names of records produced in such cases often end in ‑gram.
Adjectives may be formed from words in ‑graphy or ‑graph either in ‑graphic (choreographic, topographic) or ‑graphical (geographical, stratigraphical). In many cases both forms exist. The name of a person engaged in the activity or discipline ends in ‑grapher (lexicographer, stenographer). See also grapho‑, ‑al1, and ‑y3.
Examples of words in -graphy
All word origins are from Greek unless otherwise stated.
Relating directly to writing or the transmission of messages:
an account of a person's life
the art of preparing or reading codes or ciphers
the practice of compiling dictionaries
spelling, especially correct spelling
writing and transcribing shorthand
the science of transmitting information over a distance
tēle‑, far off
The production of images, graphs, or diagrams:
the science of drawing maps
khartēs, papyrus leaf
the art of making motion pictures
French cinématographic, from Greek kinēma, movement, from kinein, to move
the taking of photographs
writing and images designed to stimulate sexual excitement
pornographos, writing about prostitutes
the production of images by X-rays, gamma rays, etc.
Latin radius, a ray
a technique for producing a cross-section of the human body X-rays or ultrasound
tomos, slice or section
a dry copying process
A descriptive science or study:
the art of designing steps in ballet or another staged dance, or the written steps for such movements
the science of the universe
kosmos, order, world
the study of statistics charting the changing structure of human populations
dēmos, the people
the study of different peoples
the science of the physical features of the earth and their relation to human populations
the science of the sea
the study of rocks
A descriptive list of titles, authors or performers:
English disc, in the sense of a gramophone record
a listing of pages on the World Wide Web