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Forming nouns.

Latin or Greek noun endings.

Some nouns in this ending have been adopted unchanged from classical Latin or Greek: fascia, mania, militia, onomatopoeia (the formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named). Some terms created in recent centuries but based on Latin or Greek also contain it: encyclopedia, utopia.

A second set comprises names of medical states and disorders whose names are derived from Latin or Greek roots: anorexia, catatonia, chlamydia, diphtheria, dyslexia, hysteria, paraplegia, pneumonia.

The ending occurs in many name for living things, which are often derived from proper names. Most are of plants: dahlia, gardenia, lobelia, magnolia, poinsettia, wisteria. A few are of other organisms: latimeria (a genus of coelacanth), leishmania (a genus of a single-celled parasitic protozoan). See also ‑a2.

A number of country and other place names have names ending in ‑ia: Bohemia, Cambodia, India, Nigeria, Russia, Sardinia, Virginia. It also marks the names of some oxides of metallic elements whose names end in ‑ium: lithia, magnesia, thoria, zirconia.

See also ‑aemia, ‑alia, ‑algia, ‑delic (for ‑delia), ‑mania, ‑opia, ‑phile (for ‑philia), ‑phobia, ‑teria, and ‑uria.

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