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Thematic index: Chemical radicals

aceto-

Acetic acid or the acetyl group.

acido-

Acid; sharp or sour.

-al2

An aldehyde.

aldo-

An aldehyde.

amido-

The CONH2- group in chemical compounds.

amino-

The amine group, NH2—.

-ane1

Saturated straight-chain (aliphatic) hydrocarbons.

but-

Four-carbon chains of atoms.

carboxy-

The carboxyl group.

chemo-

Chemistry; chemical compounds; chemical reactions.

cyano-

The colour blue, especially dark blue; cyanide or a derivative.

dehydro-

Loss of hydrogen.

deoxy-

Loss of oxygen.

-ene1

Hydrocarbons.

eth-

A two-carbon chain of atoms.

ethoxy-

The ethoxyl radical.

hydroxy-

Hydroxyl; hydroxide.

-ide

A binary compound of a nonmetallic or electronegative element.

-idine

Organic ring compounds containing nitrogen.

imido-

Various amine derivatives.

-itol

Polyhydric alcohols.

keto-

Ketone.

mercapto-

The chemical radical —SH.

meta-

Change of position or condition; behind, after, or beyond; of a higher or second-order kind; chemical substitution.

metho-

The methyl radical, —CH3.

methoxy-

The methoxyl radical, CH3O—

naphtho-

Napthalene.

nitro-

Containing nitrogen, nitric acid, or nitrates.

nor-

An organic compound that is the parent of another.

-oic

A carboxyl group or its derivative.

-ol

An alcohol or phenol.

-ole1

Organic chemical compounds.

-on2

Inert gases.

-one

Various chemical compounds, especially ketones.

-onic

Organic acids.

organo-

Bodily organs; organic chemical compounds.

-ose2

Sugars and other carbohydrates.

oxy-1

Sharp, acid.

prop-

A three-carbon chain of atoms.

-uret

A binary compound.

-valent

Combining power.

-yl

Forming names of chemical radicals.

-yne

Hydrocarbons containing a triple bond.

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