Go to 'thermo-' entry Go to 'dino-' entry Go to 'chondro-' entry Go to 'aero-' entry Go to '-logy' entry Go to 'thaumato-' entry Go to 'nano-' entry Go to '-sophy' entry Go to 'bucco-' entry Go to '-ism' entry Go to '-lysis' entry Go to 'galacto-' entry Go to '-anthropy' entry Go to 'pneumo-' entry Go to '-ploitation' entry Go to '-lithic' entry Go to '-sepalous' entry Go to 'onco-' entry Go to '-parous' entry Go to 'dermato-' entry Go to 'multi-' entry Go to 'dodeca-' entry Go to '-zoon' entry Go to 'vermi-' entry Go to 'crystallo-' entry Go to 'biblio-' entry Go to 'eco-' entry Go to 'juxta-' entry Go to 'facio-' entry
Affixes: the building blocks of English
Affixes: the building blocks of English

-ate3 Also -atable.

Forming verbs.

[Latin words in -atus, -ata, -atum, or verbs in -are.]

Some verbs were formed from adjectives with the same ending (see the previous entry), for example separate and associate. Later, many others were created from Latin verbs: captivate, create, demonstrate, fascinate, hyphenate, litigate, originate, sublimate, substantiate, vaccinate.

Others have been formed on words from a variety of sources: assassinate, cerebrate (to think), chlorinate, curate (to carry out the functions of a museum or art gallery curator), eventuate, methylate, speciate (to form a new and distinct species in the course of evolution).

The suffix is highly productive in modern English. There is a slight tendency to prefer verbs in -ate to ones formed on the same stems using other endings, as for instance administrate is gaining in popularity compared with administer.

Verbs in -ate usually form adjectives in -atable: debatable, locate, rotatable, but many of more than two syllables lose the -ate ending: demonstrable, educable, penetrable, tolerable, venerable. See also -able.

Most of these verbs form nouns in -ation.

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