Go to 'thermo-' entry Go to 'dino-' entry Go to 'chondro-' entry Go to 'aero-' entry Go to '-logy' entry Go to 'thaumato-' entry Go to 'nano-' entry Go to '-sophy' entry Go to 'bucco-' entry Go to '-ism' entry Go to '-lysis' entry Go to 'galacto-' entry Go to '-anthropy' entry Go to 'pneumo-' entry Go to '-ploitation' entry Go to '-lithic' entry Go to '-sepalous' entry Go to 'onco-' entry Go to '-parous' entry Go to 'dermato-' entry Go to 'multi-' entry Go to 'dodeca-' entry Go to '-zoon' entry Go to 'vermi-' entry Go to 'crystallo-' entry Go to 'biblio-' entry Go to 'eco-' entry Go to 'juxta-' entry Go to 'facio-' entry
Affixes: the building blocks of English
Affixes: the building blocks of English

-ia

Forming nouns.

[Latin or Greek noun endings.]

Some nouns in this ending have been adopted unchanged from classical Latin or Greek: fascia, mania, militia, onomatopoeia (the formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named). Some terms created in recent centuries but based on Latin or Greek also contain it: encyclopedia, utopia.

A second set comprises names of medical states and disorders whose names are derived from Latin or Greek roots: anorexia, catatonia, chlamydia, diphtheria, dyslexia, hysteria, paraplegia, pneumonia.

The ending occurs in many name for living things, which are often derived from proper names. Most are of plants: dahlia, gardenia, lobelia, magnolia, poinsettia, wisteria. A few are of other organisms: latimeria (a genus of coelacanth), leishmania (a genus of a single-celled parasitic protozoan). See also -a2.

A number of country and other place names have names ending in -ia: Bohemia, Cambodia, India, Nigeria, Russia, Sardinia, Virginia. It also marks the names of some oxides of metallic elements whose names end in -ium: lithia, magnesia, thoria, zirconia.

See also -aemia, -alia, -algia, -delic (for -delia), -mania, -opia, -phile (for -philia), -phobia, -teria, and -uria.

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