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Thematic index: Medicine & surgery

-acusis

A condition of the hearing.

-aemia

A substance present in the blood, especially in excess.

-agogue

Leading or promoting.

anthraco-

Coal or carbon; a carbuncle.

-asis

A disease or other medical condition.

athero-

An atheroma.

-blast

An immature or embryonic cell.

carcino-

Cancer.

-cele

A tumour, swelling, or hernia.

-centesis

A puncture or perforation of a body cavity.

-derma

A disorder of the skin.

-ectomy

Surgical removal of all or part of a specified organ.

febri-

Fever.

fibrino-

Fibrin.

geronto-

Old age or old people.

hernio-

Hernia.

histo-

Organic tissue.

-iatric

Medical practice or treatment.

iatro-

A physician or medical treatment.

immuno-

Immune or immunity.

ino-

Fibrous tissue or muscle.

-itis

Inflammatory disease.

karyo-

The nucleus of a cell.

-lagnia

Morbid sexual arousal.

-lalia

A speech condition or disorder.

-lepsy

A seizure.

-lysis

Disintegration or decomposition.

-malacia

Abnormal softening of a tissue.

medico-

Medicine plus another field.

-megaly

Abnormal enlargement of part of the body.

-melia

An abnormal condition of a limb.

-metropia

A condition of the eye.

muco-

Mucus.

-mycin

An antibiotic compound derived from fungi.

narco-

Stupor, drowsiness, or insensibility; the illicit production and use of drugs.

neuro-

Nerves or the nervous system.

noso-

Disease.

-odontics

Specialisms in dentistry.

-odynia

Pain.

-oma

A tumour or other abnormal growth.

onco-

A tumour.

-onychia

A condition of the nails.

-opia

A visual disorder.

-opsia

A defect of vision.

-opsy

Medical examination.

-osis

Abstract nouns of action, state, or process.

-osmia

An abnormal condition of the sense of smell.

paedo-

Child; relating to children.

-pagus

Conjoined twins.

parieto-

Body cavity; hollow structure.

patho-

Disease.

-pathy

Disease or disorder; treatment of disease.

-penia

Deficiency in a component of the blood.

pero-

Deformity.

-pexy

Surgical operation for fixing an organ in position.

pharmaco-

Drugs, medicines.

-phasia

Speech disorder.

-phobia

Extreme or irrational fear or dislike.

-phrenia

Mental disorder.

-plasty

Reconstructive surgery.

-plegia

Paralysis.

pleuro-

The pleurae; the side of the body.

-ploid

The number of sets of chromosomes in a cell.

-poiesis

Production, formation.

poikilo-

Variegated; variable.

polio-

Tissue in the nervous system; grey matter.

-praxia

Action; practice.

psycho-

The mind; psychology.

ptyalo-

Saliva; salivary gland.

pyelo-

The pelvis of the kidney.

pyloro-

The pylorus.

pyo-

Pus.

-rrhagia

An excessive flow or discharge.

-rrhaphy

Surgical sewing or suturing.

-rrhoea

Discharge; flow.

sangui-

Blood.

-some3

A part of a body, especially a cell.

spasmo-

A spasm.

sphygmo-

The pulse.

spiro-2

The breath; breathing.

-stomy

A surgical operation to create an opening in an organ.

syndesmo-

Connective tissue, especially ligaments.

syringo-

A tube or long cavity; a fistula.

terato-

Monsters or abnormal forms.

tetano-

Tetanus.

-thelium

A layer of body tissue.

thrombo-

Blood clotting.

-thymia

A condition of the mind.

thyro-

The thyroid.

toco-

Childbirth; reproduction.

-tome

An instrument for cutting; a section or segment.

-tomy

Cutting.

-tonia

Muscle tone or tension; a personality state.

toxi-

Toxin; toxic.

-uria

A substance present in the urine, especially in excess.

varico-

A varicose vein.

vaso-

A vessel.

ventriculo-

A ventricle.

vesico-

A blister; the urinary bladder.

viro-

A virus.

vitelli-

The yolk of an egg.

Copyright © Michael Quinion 2008–. All rights reserved. Your comments are very welcome.